NATO: Rethink - Realign - React
At the beginning of June, the NATO Summit took place in Warsow. With reference to this event, the Institute for Eastern Studies in Poland published a composition of essays. The BIGS participated in this with an essay by Tim Stuchtey "Absolute vs. Comparative Advantage of Defense Industries in NATO Countries”.
The complete compilation can be found here.
Security Management Education in Europe
As part of the fit4sec research team, Alexis Below conducted a survey across Europe in which he analyzed the status quo of European security management education.
The survey serves as exploratory research into current offerings and developments in tertiary security management education to provide new insights and ideas for further research to interested scholars, educators and practitioners in Germany and elsewhere.
The study finds that there is a small number of relatively young programs in each country often based at universities of applied sciences with a strong focus on vocational training. While participants’ backgrounds seem similar across countries, most programs are nationally oriented with little to no formal internationalization. The complete survey can be found here.
Die Sicherheitswirtschaft in Deutschland 2015
The annual survey, conducted by BIGS, measuring the overall contribution of Germany's security industry for the contry's composite security level since 2012.
The results for 2015 show that the security industry grew faster than the overall German economy. The complete survey can be found here.
- Aktuelles PizzaSeminar
- Universität Potsdam Seminar SS 2016
Das aktuelle PizzaSeminar
Das BIGS organisiert in regelmäßigen Abständen PizzaSeminare, auf denen - bei Pizza - über aktuellen Themen der zivilien Sicherheit diskutiert werden darf.
Das nächste Seminar ist geplant für den Spätsommer 2016, nach der Sommerpause.
Einen Einblick in vergangene PizzaSeminare des BIGS gewinnen Sie hier.
Seminar im Sommersemester 2016 - Politikwissenschaftliche und ökonomische Aspekte ziviler Sicherheit
In dem Seminar an der Universität Potsdam werden unterschiedliche gesellschaftliche Aspekte der zivilen Sicherheit behandelt. Dabei sollen insbesondere jene Themen in den Fokus genommen werden, die gegenwärtig die öffentliche Diskussion beherrschen und ihre ökonomische, institutionelle und politische Rationalität hinterfragt werden. Besondere Handlungsfelder sowie spezielle Problemdimensionen, beispielsweise zu Fragen der Kriminalprävention und dem Thema Terrorismus, sollen interdisziplinär behandelt werden.
Nach einer Auftaktveranstaltung am 18. April 2016 werden zu Beginn des Semesters im ersten Block am 29. April 2016 verschiedene Vorträge aus dem o.g. Feld gehalten. In dem folgenden Block am 01. Juli 2016 präsentieren und diskutieren die Teilnehmer ihre Referate, die zu Beginn des Semesters vergeben werden.
- Cyber Security
- Risk and Crisis Communication
fit4sec - Centre of Excellence for Security and Technology
The Centre of Excellence for Security and Technology (fit4sec) will be supported by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research until the end of 2016 as part of the "Deutsche Antragsteller fit für Europa" (German Applicants fit for Europe) scheme. fit4sec pursues the aim of pooling expertise in the German security sector so as to successfully form German-European research alliances together with academic partners and end users. The intention of this is to improve the baseline situation of German enterprises significantly for participating in European security research projects.
fit4sec will, for this purpose, identify the strengths of the German security sector and, building upon that, establish and develop a dialogue between the industrial actors and the circle of end users and representatives of academic research. By integrating selected European partners, the aim is to thus establish excellent international research alliances that are able to contend successfully with European competitors in future research projects. fit4sec will also develop tools whereby security research findings can be applied efficiently in academic and vocational training. This will help counteract the future shortage of qualified personnel in the civil security sector.
The core team of fit4sec comprises the IABG in Ottobrunn and Berlin, Brandenburg Institute for Society and Security in Potsdam, Fraunhofer FOKUS in Berlin and the University of the Federal Armed Forces in Munich.
Within fit4sec BIGS is dedicated to capacity building in the field of civil security (research, teaching and training), focusing particularly on socio-scientific security research. BIGS is also responsible for networking on matters of resilience.
For more information on the project visit http://www.fit4sec.de/en/.
RiskViz – Providing a risk situation picture of industrial IT security in Germany
Cyber attacks on critical infrastructures are having an increasingly negative impact on the private sector and governments and thus on the general public who depend on their services as well. At the same time, many operators of critical infrastructure are increasingly connecting their Industrial Control Systems (ICS), which are also used in many critical infrastructures, to the Internet to monitor and control their operations in an uncomplicated and inexpensive way. However, security incidents in the past have shown that connecting an internal IT environment to the Internet can increase vulnerabilities to network breaches, data theft and Denial-of-Service activities in the industrial environment of electricity plants and other critical infrastructure. Yet, the federal government, federal states or municipalities, which are in charge of critical infrastructures, have no appropriate means to assess the intensity of threats, vulnerabilities and potential impacts and to make them transparent for operators. Moreover, it is extremely difficult to insure critical infrastructures against damages due to IT security breaches.
Within the framework of its IT Security Research Program, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research is funding the project "Providing a risk situation picture of industrial IT security in Germany" (RiskViz). In a consortium with the University of Applied Sciences Augsburg, the Freie Universität Berlin, Genua mbH, Koramis GmbH, LEW Verteilnetz GmbH, Technologie Centrum Westbayern and MunichRe (associated partner), the Brandenburg Institute for Society and Security (BIGS) will develop methods and instruments to identify ICS that have insufficient protection against cyberattacks. The research project aims to create a search engine that is capable of finding ICS and of collecting relevant information about the system and its risk situation without interfering with its operations.
The overall aim of this project is to improve the German economy's IT security, in particular with regard to critical infrastructures. Within this scope, BIGS will analyze the regulatory framework that is necessary for the development of a market for cyber insurance and will highlight and develop further political and economic instruments that could help to close identified security breaches.
SenSE4Metro is a joint project involving partners from BIGS Potsdam, the Fraunhofer Institute, the Berliner Fire Brigade, ITC Engingeering and Universität Bundeswehr. The project will provide information leading to improved security of persons in urban underground trains and underground stations during emergency situations. BIGS will implement a Work Package that will investigate the feasibility of internationally standardizing response protocols by testing cultural differences between firefighters across countries.
In the first phase, this will involve systematic comparison of responses in emergency situations that have occurred in a wide spectrum of socio-economic backgrounds. This will be augmented by a review of existing regional and national protocols, which will determine existing underlying differences in emergency response. In the second phase, laboratory-based experimental games and computer-based simulations will determine the extent to which cultural differences exist at the individual level and the extent to which such differences can be overcome by the adoption of standardized protocols.
For more information on the project visit sense4metro.org.
Die Sicherheitswirtschaft leistet neben den öffentlichen Institutionen einen wichtigen Beitrag zum Schutzniveau der Gesellschaft. Allerdings gab es über diese Branche kaum Daten — bisher fehlten eine allgemeine anerkannte und klare Definition der Sicherheitswirtschaft sowie eine nachvollziehbare Datenquelle, um vergleichbare Eckdaten zu erfassen.
Am BIGS versuchen wir einen Beitrag zu leisten, die Sicherheitswirtschaft als Branche besser zu verstehen. Dabei definieren wir die Sicherheitswirtschaft wie folgt:
Die Sicherheitswirtschaft umfasst alle Unternehmen, die Produkte und Dienstleistungen zum Schutz von kritischen Infrastrukturen sowie zum Schutz vor Kriminalität, Wirtschaftsspionage und Terrorismus und zur Bewältigung von Krisen und (Natur-) Katastrophen anbieten. Unter dem Begriff der Kriminalität werden Alltagskriminalität, Gewaltkriminalität, organisierte Kriminalität und Internetkriminalität zusammengefasst.
Auf der Grundlage dieser Definition erhebt das BIGS seit 2012 jährlich Daten zur Sicherheitswirtschaft in Deutschland, um den Umfang, die Entwicklung und Trends der Branche zu erfassen und zu analysieren. Die dabei gewonnene Datenbasis bietet für Politik, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft gleichermaßen die Möglichkeit, ein fundiertes Verständnis über den Beitrag der Sicherheitswirtschaft für das Schutzniveau Deutschlands und Trends in dieser Branche zu erlangen sowie deren Mehrwert für die deutsche Gesellschaft zu analysieren.
Zum Ausbau der bestehenden Analysebasis wird ein Unternehmenspanel aufgebaut, für welches wir fortwährend Teilnehmer suchen. Wenn Sie Interesse an einer Teilnahme haben, finden Sie hier weitere Informationen.
Analysen zu der Thematik wurden unter anderem im Rahmen des WISIND-Projektes publiziert.
Economic and Social Aspects of Cyber Security
BIGS is particularly dedicated to the economic and social dimensions within the research field of cyber security. Although cooperation between government, business and science regarding cyber security is improving on the national as well as international level, there is still urgent need for action. This is where BIGS comes into play and uses its organizational and research capacities to tackle various aspects of cyber security from a cross-disciplinary perspective.
These are, firstly, the social and structural changes that result from advancements in information and communication technology. Secondly, questions about constraints put upon various institutions, organizations and actors of cyber security are examined in the interdisciplinary setting of the Brandenburg Institute for Society and Security. Aside from issues of internet governance, BIGS also deals with the challenges imposed on the Germany economy by interconnectedness and digitalization. The focus here is on cooperation between business on the one hand and government actors and institutions on the other hand, as well as the safety of highly interconnected industries in the area of critical infrastructures.
In order to discuss these cyber-security issues, BIGS organizes together with Hasso Plattner Institute the annual Potsdam Conference of National Cyber Security. This conference aims to bring together stakeholders from politics, administration, and economy in a neutral place of science in order to jointly analyze operating options in the area of cyber security, to discuss defense mechanisms and their technical feasibility, as well as to provide a forum for mutual exchange and networking.
Publications in this field address, for example, the importance of civilian cyber security (BIGS Essence: Civilian Cyber security: Cybercrime between reality and risk) or illuminate cyber security under the heading of "digital hygiene".
Terrorism and politically/religiously motivated violence have a wide ranging impact on the state, society and citizens, be it under the aspect of social peace, economic effects, societal resilience and individual security.
The BIGS is working on different aspects of this complex challenge, including structures, strategies and objectives of terrorist actors, countermeasures and concepts, radicalization and de-radicalization programs, counter-terrorism legislation and the field of tension between liberty and security.
The BIGS is part of the "Radicalisation Awareness Network (RAN)" of the European Commission which aims on fostering exchange between practitioners, policy makers and academics.
Risk and Crisis Communication
BIGS has a long-term focus on risk and crisis communication in the field of civil security. The application of risk and crisis communication in the field of public risk and crisis management is central to research projects as well as the exploration of how our society deals with risk and crises - especially in politics and media.
Additionally, BIGS provides a platform of in-depth discussion on the topics of risk and crisis communication in relation to social resilience, which is understood as the self-help capacity of a population in crisis and disaster situations. Apart from project work and research on these topics, BIGS also organizes events concerning risk and crisis communication issues on a regular basis.
Recently, BIGS hosted a symposium on "Social Media in Crisis and Disaster Management" together with the Department of Business Information Systems and Electronic Government at the University of Potsdam (November 2013). The symposium proceedings titled "Social Media in Crisis and Disaster Management" were published at GITO Verlag in spring 2014.